Posts tagged: germany
this may just be the best headline ever
articles not bad either
The world’s oldest purse may have been found in Germany—and its owner apparently had a sharp sense of Stone Age style.
Excavators at a site near Leipzig uncovered more than a hundred dog teeth arranged close together in a grave dated to between 2,500 and 2,200 B.C.
According to archaeologist Susanne Friederich, the teeth were likely decorations for the outer flap of a handbag.
“Over the years the leather or fabric disappeared, and all that’s left is the teeth. They’re all pointing in the same direction, so it looks a lot like a modern handbag flap,” said Friederich, of the Sachsen-Anhalt State Archaeology and Preservation Office.
The dog teeth were found during excavations of the 250-acre (100-hectare) Profen site, which is slated to become an open-pit coal mine in 2015. Read more.
ScienceDaily (May 24, 2012) — New dates from Geißenklösterle Cave in Southwest Germany document the early arrival of modern humans and early appearance of art and music.
Researchers from Oxford and Tübingen have published new radiocarbon dates from the from Geißenklösterle Cave in Swabian Jura of Southwestern Germany in theJournal of Human Evolution. The new dates use improved methods to remove contamination and produced ages between began between 42,000 – 43,000 years ago for start of the Aurignacian, the first culture to produce a wide range of figurative art, music and other key innovations as postulated in the Kulturpumpe Hypothesis. The full spectrum of these innovations were established in the region no later than 40 000 years ago.
These are the earliest radiocarbon dates of Aurignacian deposits, and they predate Aurignacian dates from Italy, France, England and other regions. Read more.
(pictured) Albert Speer’s model of Hitler’s “World Capital Germania” (Welthauptstadt Germania), his plan for a magnificently redesigned Berlin.
This plan called for the organization of the capital around two boulevards, one running North-to-South, and another running East-to-West. The focal point of Hitler’s new “world capital” would have been the Volkshalle (“People’s Hall”), a building of the Führer’s own design; pictured above, the huge domed structure was heavily inspired by the palaces and temples of Ancient Rome, especially the Pantheon. Had it been built, this “Hall of Glory” may have reached over 900 feet in height and 800 feet in width, far outstripping the structures that inspired its design.
One of the first projects of “Germania” would have been an enormous stadium capable of holding 400,000 spectators. Although a stadium was eventually built by the Nazi government in Berlin, its capacity was less than 1/5th that of the planned original. A triumphal arc, twice as high as the Arc de Triomphe of Paris, was also planned, but also never built.
Alas, much of Hitler’s new Berlin, which he claimed would “only be comparable with Ancient Egypt, Babylon, and Rome” was never built - construction was halted, some of it even undone - by World War II.
(Images from the Bundesarchiv)
As the world celebrates the centennial of its discovery, Nevine El-Aref asks who actually owns the iconic bust of Queen Nefertiti?
It seems that there is no foreseeable resolution to the long conflict between Germany and Egypt over ownership of the 3,400-year-old bust of Queen Nefertiti, wife of the monotheistic pharaoh Akhenaten. Now, a century after its discovery, the dispute over ownership is stepping from one level to another, and with no concrete solution in sight it has become one of the best-known international cases of stolen antiquities that Egypt wants back.
The magnificent painted stucco and limestone bust of Nefertiti was discovered in 1912 by an archaeological team led by German Egyptologist Ludwig Borchardt and sponsored by the German Oriental Society, the treasurer of which was the German Jewish wholesale merchant James Simon. The bust was unearthed while the German team was excavating the workshop of the ancient Egyptian court sculptor Tuthmosis in Akhenaten’s capital city of Al-Amarna. Read more.
March 16, 1911: Josef Mengele is born in Günzburg, Bavaria.
This most notorious of Nazi doctors was, to his colleagues, intelligent, gentle, and collected - a somewhat unimpressive-looking man whose most recognizable feature was the rather endearing gap between his front teeth. The inmates at Auschwitz, however, nicknamed him “the White Angel”, and later, “the Angel of Death”.
Mengele joined the SS in 1938 and was promoted to a high-ranking medical position at Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1943. There, he performed various experiments - most famously on twins, who fascinated Mengele, but also on those afflicted with dwarfism, on pregnant women, on children of all ages. His experiments were ‘experiments’ in the loosest sense, for, unlike many of those conducted at Ravensbrück and elsewhere, few of his strange, gruesome surgeries, amputations, and dissections had practical value. Once, Mengele reportedly attempted to create artificial conjoined twins by sewing two children together, simply in the name of ‘science’. He, along with other camp physicians, helped determine who was healthy enough to work, and who would be sent to the gas chambers.
After the war ended, Mengele was not present at the Nuremberg Doctors’ Trial, despite being one of the most infamous of them all, for he had seemingly disappeared. It was later discovered that, like his fellow Nazi Adolf Eichmann, Mengele had fled to Argentina. Mengele was luckier than Eichmann, who was captured and later executed in Israel, and, despite international efforts to hunt him down, the “Angel of Death” lived out the rest of his life (thirty-four years) under a false name.
there are times when I wish there is a hell
mostly because of Mengele
After World War II, West Germany rapidly made the transition from murderous dictatorship to model democracy. Or did it? New documents reveal just how many officials from the Nazi regime… were chosen for senior government positions.
Vienna, Rome, Nuremberg, Mediolanum, Genoa, and Jerusalem, as depicted in the Nuremberg Chronicle (1493), a documentation of human history between Genesis and the fifteenth century. Written by Hartmann Schedel, the Chronicle was one of the early successful printed books that combined illustrations and text. These illustrations were woodcuts from the workshop of another Nuremberg native, Michael Wolgemut; many were adaptations or reproductions of earlier images, but a total of 1,809 woodcuts were produced for this book alone, and not only of cities, but of the historical events documented in the Chronicle. It often provides histories of important Western cities, when relevant.
The main feature of the book was not, however, the history, but the illustrations - it was image-heavy and widely appealing as a result (the aesthetic side of history undoubtedly fascinated the Renaissance-era Europeans as it does us). It soon became a “best-seller”, for 15th century standards. At the time, it was probably the most elaborately illustrated book in print.
(art by Arthur Rackham)
The Götterdämmerung is the last of four cycles in Richard Wagner’s Ring of the Nibelung (Der Ring des Nibelungen), which takes elements and characters from the German epic poem Nibelunglied as well as traditional German and Norse mythology. In Old Norse, Götterdämmerung is Ragnarök, or “Twilight of the Gods”.